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mankurti - Latgolys luosts?

Syuteituojs: Harijs Bernans <harijs.bernans_N@N_ctco.lv> (217.21.164.214)
Data: Pyrmūdiņ, 2004 gods seņtebra (rudiņa) mieneša 27 dīnys 11 stuņdēs 32 mynotūs


Ļauds, kas aizalīdzās sovys volūdys, tautys, nūstota sevi augstuok par sovu
tautu, ari tī, kas klusejūt pījam sovys kulturys golu. Pylna Reiga Latgolys
mankurtu, gaisa nav...

B.

***

Jēdziens «mankurts» ienācis no kirgīzu rakstnieka Čingiza Aitmātova
daiļrades un nozīmē cilvēku, kas pazaudējis vēsturisko atmiņu, neatšķir
naidnieku no savējā, kalpo tam, nododot savas tautas intereses.

***

Mankurts — vēlīnajā padomju režīmā stihiski ieviesies termins no  Č.
Aitmatova romāna “Un garāka par mūžu diena ilgst”, kas apzīmēja cilvēku,
kuram ar īpašu paņēmienu atņemta viņa apziņa un griba un viņš padarīts par
psihisku robotu.

***

In his novel The Day Lasts More Than a Hundred Years the famous Kirghiz
writer Chingiz Aitmatov recalled an ancient Kirghiz legend about the
mankurts. The legend tells of a tribe, long ago, that was extremely cruel to
enemies that it captured. Sometimes they sold their prisoners into slavery,
and this would be very lucky for the captives since sooner or later the
slave would have a chance to escape and return to his homeland. Meanwhile,
the fate of the prisoners who remained in the hands of this tribe was far
worse. The tribesmen destroyed their memory through a terrible torture.
After tying their hands and legs, they would place raw camel hide on the
prisoners’ shaven heads and abandon them in the steppe without food and
water for several days in the full blaze of the sun.
Most of the prisoners would die within several days. They succumbed not to
thirst or hunger but to the unbearable, inhuman tortures of the sun. The raw
hide dried out fast and compressed their heads like an iron hoop. These
vices that gripped their heads would squeeze the last sparks of memory and
sanity out of them. After five days of this torture, if any of the prisoners
were still alive, they were untied, fed, and given water. A lot of effort
was devoted to their recuperation. They were called mankurts.
Aitmatov wrote,
"A mankurt did not know where he was from. He did not know his name, did not
remember his childhood, his farther and his mother – to say it more simply,
a mankurt did not realize that he is a human being. …He was just like a
speechless creature and therefore subdued and harmless. He never dreamt of
escape. For any slave-owner the worst thing is a slave’s revolt. Every slave
is a potential rebel. A mankurt was the only exception; he made no attempts
whatsoever to rebel, to be disobedient."
Forcefully purged of all memory, the mankurt, like a dog, acknowledged only
his master. He needed only to be fed. This was enough for him to perform the
most unpleasant and difficult work without complaint. Therefore, there was a
rule among the tribesmen that the compensation for a killed slave-mankurt
was three times greater than that for a killed free fellow tribesman.

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